We should have 583 representatives in the House, not 435.
The amount of representatives representing us in the House of Representatives is stuck at 435. Not because that is the optimal number but because it was put into a report that was sent to Congress. Congress saw that report and said, "Yep, that'll do." This has not been changed for nearly 80 years.
The calculation of how many representatives each state receives is done using the Method of Equal Proportions (MEP), which is mathematically intensive, to say the least. We should change this to the Rounded Least Populous Divisor Method (RLPDM).
For anyone wondering about the RLPDM (I might have made it up, but I'll explain it anyways), it works like this:
- Create a list of each state's population from lowest to highest
- Identify the least populated state (Wyoming)
- Divide every state's population by the least populated state's population
- Round the results for each state calculated by Step 3 to the nearest whole number
- Assign representatives to each state according to the results of Step 4
- Recalculate after every census
Using the current MEP and population estimates (before the official numbers from the Census come in) from World Population Review, we have a few findings on representation. First, the most people represented by a singular representative (worst represented) is in Montana with 1,086,760 people. The fewest people represented by a representative (best represented) is in Rhode Island with 528,080 people. The best represented people are 49% of the population of the worst represented people.
Under the RLPDM system, the worst represented people are in North Dakota, with 761,723 people represented by 1 representative. The best represented people are in South Dakota, with 451,514 people represented by 2 representatives. The best represented people are 59% of the population of the worst represented people.
This change moves the worst representation from under half of the best representation to 10 percentage points better, nearly the best it could be under this system (66% at best).
Also, when we are better represented in the House of Representatives, we are better represented in the Electoral College. Yay.